Sastra Lisan Tengger Pilar Utama Pemertahanan Tradisi Tengger

Ayu Sutarto(1*)

(1) Jurusan Sastra Inggris, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Jember Jalan Jawa 19, Jember
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Artikel ini bertujuan membahas sastra lisan Tengger sebagai tiang utama pemertahanan tradisi Tengger dengan pendekatan folklor. Sastra lisan yang dibahas adalah legenda Kasada dan Karo serta mantera. Dalam sejarah, legenda Kasada pernah terpengaruh oleh proses islamisasi, sementara legenda Karo memiliki pesan kultural yang menganjurkan persatuan dan kesatuan dalam perbedaan iman antara Budha-Hindu dan Islam. Meskipun demikian, dalam rekam jejak sejak era kolonial, legenda Kasada dan Karo serta mantra mengalami perubahan. Sastra lisan tersebut dapat bertahan hidup karena pewaris aktifnya telah menggunakannya sebagai tiang utama dalam tradisi Tengger.

Abstract:
This writing is aimed to discuss Tengger oral literature as a main pillar of Tengger tradition mainte- nance with folklore approach. Oral literature being discussed are Kasada and Karo legend and magic formula. In the history, Kasada legend has ever been influenced by islamization process, while Karo legend has a cultural message that suggests the unity in differences between Buddha-Hindu and Islam. Although, in the track record since colonial era, Kasada and Karo legend and magic formula sometimes change, the oral literatures can be still alive because their active heir has used them as a main pillar of Tengger tradition.

Keywords: Tengger, oral literature, Kasada legend, Karo legend

Keywords


Tengger; sastra lisan; legenda Kasada; legenda Karo; mantra

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v12i1.153.9-21

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