Konstruksi Identitas Diri Tokoh Utama dalam Novel Hebi ni Piasu dan Haidora Karya Kanehara Hitomi

Asri Rizki Friandini(1*), Lina Meilinawati Rahayu(2), Amaliatun Saleha(3)

(1) Program Pascasarjana Sastra Kontemporer, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Padjadjaran
(2) Program Pascasarjana Sastra Kontemporer, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Padjadjaran
(3) Program Pascasarjana Sastra Kontemporer, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Padjadjaran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


A person forms an identity not only from the influence of social environment, but also anxiety. This study aims to reveal the identity construction of the main characters in two Japanese novels entitled Hebi ni Piasu (2003) and Haidora (2007) by Kanehara Hitomi. These novels describe the construction of self identity which are represented through the body and fashion. The self identity constructions are influenced by social environment and anxiety. Moreover, in Japan, there is a term ikizurasa which is used to describe feelings of emptiness and isolation. This research used self identity theory and descriptive analysis method to analyse the data. The data in this research were obtained from two novels entitled Hebi ni Piasu (2003) and Haidora (2007). The results showed that the contruction of self identity of the main character was formed by the influence of the self and anxiety as well as the social environment. The two main characters showed that they used this construction of self identity to survive.

Keywords


self identity; anxiety; Kanehara Hitomi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barker, C. (2004). The SAGE Dictionary of Cultural Studies. London: Sage Publications.

Gauntlett, D. (2008). Media, Gender and Identity: An Introduction. London: Routledge.

Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self Identity. London: Polity Press.

Hall, S. (1996). Who Needs 'Identity'? In S. Hall & P. du Gay (Eds.), Questions of Cultural Identity (pp. 1-17). London: Sage.

Hall, S. (1997). Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices. London: SAGE/The Open University.

Hall, S., du Gay, P. (1996). Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage.

Hoon, C.Y. (2006). Defining (Multiple) Selves: Reflection on Fieldwork in Jakarta. Life Writing, 3 (1), 81-102.

Jiratanatiteenun, A., Mizutani, C. (2012). The Transformation of Japanese Street Fashion between 2006 and 2011. Advances in Applied Sociology, 2, pp. 292-302. Diperoleh tanggal 13 Juni 2019 dari http://www.SciRP.org/ journal/aasoci

Kanehara, H. (2003). Hebi ni Piasu. Japan: Shueisha.

Kanehara. H. (2007). Haidora. Japan: Shincho

Kido, R. (2016). The Angst of Youth in Post-Industrial Japan: A Narrative Self-Help. New Voices in Japanese Studies, 8, pp. 98-117.

King, E. L. (2012). More than Skin Deep: Masochism in Japanese Women's Writing. (Disertasi). University of Tasmania.

Marx, D. W. (2012) The History of the Gyaru Parts 1-4. Diperoleh tanggal 9 Juli 2019 dari http://neojaponisme. com/2012/02/28/the-history-of-the-gyaru-part-one/

Meyyer, M. (2015). The Night Parade of One Hundred Demons; a Field Guide to Japanese Yokai. New Jersey: Haddonfield.

Olssen, M. (1999). Michel Foucault: Materialism and Education. New York: Begin & Garvey.

Otomo, R. (2010). A Girl with her Writing Machine: Amebic by Kanehara Hitomi. In Ayama, T. & Hartley, B. (Eds.), Girl Reading Girl in Japan. USA and Canada: Routledge.

Pagan, Y. (2016). The Writ Woman:, Potrayals of Tattoed Women in Japanese Society. (Tesis). University of Texas, Texas.

Ratna, N. K. (2004). Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Saleha, A. (2014). Reading Social Changes in Japanese Literature Around 1990-2010: Existential Anxiety in Self Identity. (Disertasi). Nanzan University, Japan.

Skutlin, J. (2019). “Fashioning Tattooed Bodies: An Exploration of Japan’s Tattoo Stigma.” Asia Pacific Perspectives, 16 (1), 4-33.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.580.129-143

Article metrics

Abstract views : 84 | views : 54

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ATAVISME INDEXED BY:

   

ATAVISME is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Visit Number:

View My Stats